HistoryofScience.com Blog

Monday, June 9, 2008

Additions to the From Gutenberg to the Internet Timeline, with comments

Encyclopaedia Brittanica, first published in 3 volumes in 1771, announces in its blog [June 2008] that it will include wiki-style collaboration from users in it's online edition. At Britannica, “readers and users will also be invited into an online community where they can work and publish at Britannica’s site under their own names.” The core encyclopedia itself “will continue to be edited according to the most rigorous standards and will bear the imprimatur ‘Britannica Checked’ to distinguish it from material on the site for which Britannica editors are not responsible.”

[This I find significant as Brittanica, founded in 1771, is probably the oldest encyclopedia still published. It is also notable that Brittanica waited nearly eight years after the foundation of the Wikipedia (founded in January 2001) before including online collaboration.]

The American military supercomputer called the Roadrunner, designed and built by scientists at I.B.M. and Los Alamos National Laboratories from components originally designed for video game machines, has processed more than 1.026 quadrillion calculations per second.
"To put the performance of the machine in perspective, Thomas P. D’Agostino, the administrator of the National Nuclear Security Administration, said that if all six billion people on earth used hand calculators and performed calculations 24 hours a day and seven days a week, it would take them 46 years to do what the Roadrunner can in one day."

[For further perspective on this development in supercomputing let's think back 63 years to the first electronic computer, the ENIAC, which became operational in 1945. The ENIAC which contained 18,000 vacuum tubes as switches, and which was programmed by plugging in cables, was 10,000 times the speed of a human doing unassisted calculation, but significantly slower than the cheapest electronic calculator available today. Nevertheless in the few years of its operational life, the ENIAC performed more calculations than all of mankind had performed in recorded history up to the time of its invention.]

Labels: , , ,

posted by Jeremy Norman @ 9:19 PM   3 Comments

3 Comments:

At September 12, 2018 at 2:43 AM , Blogger carolinabogos said...

Hey. Thank you very much for sharing this excellent article. I want to share the site too. https://craftresumes.com/finance-resume/ it is a site that offers services on writing a resume for financiers and other specialists. Thanks a lot for your attention.

 
At November 20, 2018 at 1:01 AM , Blogger Tyson Harold said...

Hai.I read your article. I was impressed. Thanks for sharing here. Jeremy Norman you are fantastic writer. I'm working as a expert writer at custom essay writing service for academic and provide essay writing help for the students. Blogging , write the article is my passion, notice for writing from childhood made me join this job. Writing is not a easy task .It was very difficult. Writing is not just one practice. Often, in school days, students write only to prove that or they are trained a single type of writing and are led to believe this type will be enough. Writing task is every student life is a most necessary task and most creativity task. But now day’s they are their writing tasks based on writing service from online. I said that for writing an good-looking essay for any subject first you have to understand tips and methods for making the attractive writing in a successful way. You don’t worry, some of the writing tips I will give you, first you make a list all of your ideas, Create a short introduction, Write the topic sentences for your body paragraph .And now a day’s best essay’s sample available from internet. There are many websites that have essays on selection topics and also you can choose online writing services. there are lot of writing service is available. Essay writing services provide all the possible services such as academic writing, technical writing, copy-writing etc. They provide all types of paper and homework and you should have to be more carefully while selecting service. So before selecting the essay writing services find the reviews of the service sites. Internet is given chance to achieve our goals and solutions for our problems. One of such answer is to solve our essay writing problem is essay writing services. But before hiring online writing service, it is important to make sure that the service which you want to hire is genuine .


Regards,
Custom essay writing service

 
At November 23, 2018 at 10:42 AM , Blogger jacksmith said...

Thanks for sharing.I found a lot of interesting information here. A really good post, very thankful and hopeful that you will write many more posts like this one.

https://www.ucbrowser.vip/
https://shareit.onl/
https://mxplayer.pro/

 

Post a Comment

Subscribe to Post Comments [Atom]

<< Home

Sign up for our eNewsletter

Enter your email address below to receive our bi-monthly email newsletter highlighting recent acquisitions and publications.


back to top