HistoryofScience.com Blog

Monday, July 21, 2008

The One-Volume Wikipedia Encyclopedia




Since writing From Gutenberg to the Internet I have continued to research the history of information -- particularly the history of the methods used for its creation, organization, distribution, and storage. The From Gutenberg to the Internet Timeline on my website may be considered a chronological outline of some of my research. Eventually this may result in a more comprehensive book.
A recurring theme in the history of information is the way that new media overlap with old, more in the form of gradual transitions than in sudden, disruptive revolutions. For example, the development of printing by moveable type in Europe by Gutenberg in the first half of the fifteenth century did not immediately replace the traditional method of book production by manuscript copying. Instead printing presses were established in cities and towns throughout Europe over several decades, and by the end of the fifteenth century the great majority of books were produced by printing, leading to a great expansion of both the creation and distribution of information. By the end of the 15th century it has been estimated that roughly 25,000 different individual publications and books had been issued by printers in Europe. This may have been about one hundred times the number of texts available in the largest library of Europe, the University of Paris, before the invention of printing. But, the expansion of information caused by printing was actually far greater than that since most European libraries in monasteries and universities contained even a smaller number of different texts before the invention of printing.
However, even after the growth of printing, a market for deluxe manuscript books--especially books of hours and other illuminated manuscripts-- continued to exist, to a diminished extent, of course, well into the sixteenth century. From the late fifteenth century through the eighteenth century certain books, on a variety of subjects--including surreptitious books-- continued to be published in small editions through manuscript copying. As late as the mid-nineteenth century editions of lectures, too small for printing, continued to circulate as manuscript copies. Though these later manuscript copies were, of course, no longer written by scribes in monastic scriptoria, the out-dated process of manuscript copying remained reflective, centuries later, of the medieval manuscript tradition.

It is hard to measure the explosive expansion of the quality of information that has been taking place on the Internet, but one of the ways we can do so is to reflect upon the number of distinct URLS that have been indexed. In the past Google has kept this information private. Recently, however, on Google's blog, they stated that the first Google index, built after the company was founded in 1998, indexed 26,000,000 URLs. By comparison, on July 25, 2008, Google announced that they had passed the milestone of indexing one trillion (1,000,000,000,000) unique URLs. A URL may be a web page, an image--anything with a distinct web address. As the volume of information expands at this unimaginable rate, we are witnessing the overlap of the traditional information technology of printing, established for over 500 years, with the new electronic media, rather than the replacement of printing on paper. And more printing may going on than ever, if you count the hundreds of millions of computer printers attached to the billion plus personal computers connected to the Internet. Nevertheless certain kinds of information, previously distributed through printing on paper are now distributed exclusively in electronic form. But even vastly far more information is being distributed in electronic form than on paper, printing technology has continued to improve, and millions of books--including some very spectacular examples of book production-- continue to be produced. Today there are roughly 4,000,000 new titles in print, and over 100,000,000 copies of second-hand, out of print and antiquarian titles for sale on the web.
An ironic example of how the printed book is continuing to adapt to the Internet is the announced “The One-Volume Wikipedia Encyclopedia." This book, announced by Bertelsmann for publication in September, is expected to be an annual compilation, and perhaps abridgement, of what the editors think are the best Wikipedia articles, selected, and presumably translated, from the German language version of the Wikipedia. There are currently roughly 2,500,000 articles in the English language Wikipedia. Since the whole point of the Wikipedia is how it is constantly improved and updated by thousands of collaborators on the Internet, one wonders how the printed book will be accepted.
The publishers appear not to be overly optimistic as the initial press run is supposed to 20,000--just a tiny smidgeon of the millions of people who use the Wikipedia. In any case the book will, apparently, have the historic distinction of crediting more authors--about 90,000 listed in small print on many pages--than any other single volume in the history of printed books.

Labels: ,

posted by Jeremy Norman @ 10:18 AM   30 Comments

30 Comments:

At August 19, 2016 at 6:04 AM , Blogger Văn Sát said...

Công ty vận chuyển hàng hóa chuyên nhận vận tải hàng hóa tốt nhất hiện nay. Hãy đến với chúng tôi, sàn giao dịch vận tải bạn sẽ được tận hưởng những dịch vụ vận chuyển tốt nhất hiện nay. Có thể kể đến dịch vụ vận chuyển bắc trung nam, vận chuyển hàng đông lạnh, vận chuyển hàng tươi sống, chở hàng thuê giá rẻ , vận chuyển hàng hóa TPHCM, chuyển hàng đi Hà Nội giá rẻ... Và còn rất nhiều dịch vụ đang chờ đón bạn. Nếu như bạn có thắc mắc hay cần sử dụng hãy liên hệ với chúng tôi nhé.

 
At March 16, 2018 at 3:13 AM , Blogger sheliacdealbaas said...

The adhering to techniques could be used. directvlogin commitment and charge card supplied by DirecTV for its customers.

 
At May 16, 2018 at 1:03 AM , Blogger nhuthuy said...

Thanks for sharing, nice post! Post really provice useful information!

Giaonhan247 chuyên hướng dẫn cách mua hàng trên amazon ship về việt nam cũng như hướng dẫn tự mua hàng trên amazon ship về Việt Nam uy tín, và kinh nghiệm mua hàng trên amazon cũng như cách tính thuế khi mua hàng trên amazon giá rẻ.

 
At September 6, 2018 at 2:32 AM , Blogger nininshimonoko said...

Additionally, new and important research is incorporated into the classic material exploring the continuing importance of oral and manuscript communication, the rise of print and the relationship between physical transportation and social communication. kroger feedback

 
At December 5, 2018 at 2:27 AM , Blogger Dani said...

Hey Thanks for sharing this valuable information with us. I will come back to your site and keep sharing this information with us.krogerfeedback SEO Expert In Pakistan

 
At December 6, 2018 at 1:16 AM , Blogger KrogerFeedback said...

Hey Your site is awesome and full of information. I have read you posts they are so informative. Keep Posting wonderful content. Visit talktowendys

 
At January 31, 2019 at 9:31 PM , Blogger umeranees said...


I found this one pretty fascinating and it should go into my collection. Very good work! I am Impressed. We appreciate that please keep going to write more content
Seo Expert in Pakistan
umeranees.com

 
At February 13, 2019 at 9:05 AM , Blogger jerrysproductreviews said...

Good job and thanks for the history lesson on the history of information. It's fascinating to see how information started and to where it is now. blazecc.com

 
At April 11, 2019 at 12:19 AM , Blogger isaacball said...

After long time i found history related article on internet.

https://xray.fm/broadcasts/22844
http://www.gamekyo.com/blog_article426555.html
http://bicadeadca.guildwork.com/forum/threads/582a796a002aa84a4168e176-thenkinnam-tamil-movie-songs-download?page=2&_=9191#5ca882df002aa836563d344e
https://www.eclipse.org/forums/index.php/t/1089369/??SQ=&S=a18ef42dcf3ac6d9546e8d85e006eb1f
http://forums.seattletimes.com/forums/viewtopic.php?f=55&t=206669&p=2218830

 
At May 4, 2019 at 1:27 AM , Blogger iphongthuy.net said...


iphongthuynet
iphongthuynet
iphongthuynet
iphongthuynet
iphongthuynet
iphongthuynet
iphongthuynet
iphongthuynet
iphongthuynet

 
At August 23, 2019 at 4:23 AM , Blogger Ivymelda said...

Once you pay for Best Custom Term Paper Services, you expect that honesty will prevail and the required assignment will be delivered without any problem. However, this might happen if you fail to select a reliable Custom Written Research Paper Service.

 
At September 23, 2019 at 8:10 AM , Blogger Katherine Lisa said...

i really appreciate your efforts for posting such an article for us... Keep posting such posts for us.. SEO Expert Pakistan

 
At October 21, 2019 at 12:37 AM , Blogger Saad Ali said...

To create a successful website, in addition to high-quality content, good SEO strategies are equally vital. SEO works for your website as seasoning works for your food, and 247 Developers provide the finest SEO services to help you reach the high ranks on a search engine. Working on Google guidelines, we develop result-oriented SEO campaigns for our clients including complete on-page and off-page optimization. That is how 247 Developers provide the Best SEO Services in Pakistan.

 
At October 22, 2019 at 6:41 AM , Blogger Gold Media Plus said...

promoting their product and services among the masses can easily reach out to the people with the help of this medium of marketing. The marketing strategies have gone through exponential Digital marketing is the new formula for the current era; where the brands looking for changes over a period of time and have developed more efficiently after the advent of digital marketing agency in Pakistan. Our company has been providing Web Development, SEO, Social Media Marketing in pakistanand the latest methods and techniques, we have become a full-service

 
At November 6, 2019 at 3:57 AM , Blogger capital mags said...

Online Quran Classes for kids to learn the reading, Kids Quran Memorization, Quran lessons for kids and children. Your kids will have one on one attention in .

 
At December 2, 2019 at 3:34 AM , Blogger Saad Ali said...

This comment has been removed by the author.

 
At December 2, 2019 at 3:38 AM , Blogger Saad Ali said...

If you are paying a visit to the city of Boston and require the best Boston Limo Service or Boston car service, then think Boston City Ride. A Local limo service with affordable rates, very close to Logan Airport and Downtown Boston. When it comes to comfort and class, we are indisputably your best pick for a Boston Limousine because we do not only have the most competitive prices, but are also committed to giving our esteemed clients the best of style and elegance in a sophisticated manner.
Visit Now: https://www.bostoncityride.com/limo-to-airport.html

 
At December 9, 2019 at 11:29 PM , Blogger Saad Ali said...

This comment has been removed by the author.

 
At December 10, 2019 at 1:29 AM , Blogger Let's Create Design said...

https://adagion.com/paris-photographer

 
At December 14, 2019 at 3:55 AM , Blogger Saad Ali said...

This comment has been removed by the author.

 
At December 25, 2019 at 12:49 AM , Blogger capital mags said...

A Complete Collection Of Pinoy Tv, Stay Tuend With Us To Watch Latest Pinoy Teleserye and Pinoy tv shows.

 
At December 29, 2019 at 4:02 AM , Blogger capital mags said...

Watch bigg boss 13 Episode Online, Naagin Season 4 episodes today, Colors Tv Voot Hindi Drama Serial Naagin 4 Latest Episodes in hd quality watch online ...

 
At January 23, 2020 at 4:36 AM , Blogger TheKettleTips said...

I would like to thank you for the efforts you have made in writing this article. I am hoping the same best work from you in the future as well.
Techmoab
GetmyDisneyVisa.com
MyIndiagoCard

 
At January 31, 2020 at 9:04 AM , Blogger johnmith said...

thanks for sharing your great idea, what do you think about this? We provide professional air conditioning, refrigeration and kitchen hood cleaning administrations in Beverly Hills, Santa Monica and Los Angeles.
We install new air conditioning, warming and ventilation equipment just as business kitchen exhaust systems including exhaust oil conduits, make-up air systems and bog coolers. We install refrigeration equipment including stroll in coolers, stroll in coolers and ice machines.

Commercial kitchen hood installation Los Angeles

 
At March 9, 2020 at 8:42 PM , Blogger ST8 said...

This dietary supplement with its unique formula puts your level of ketosis through the roof. Your goal weight and your ideal body type in now only a couple of weeks of consistent use away. My zero deal is a site that promotes affiliate products. These products can be digital or physical but most of these sites promote physical products. atkins products cheap

 
At March 9, 2020 at 8:46 PM , Blogger ST8 said...

This comment has been removed by the author.

 
At March 10, 2020 at 9:07 PM , Blogger ST8 said...

Do you want to take your business to new heights? We connect the dots and find solutions to your problems by designing and creating products that matter.ppc campaign management

 
At March 19, 2020 at 12:25 AM , Blogger AlisonKat said...

Thank you for such a nice article keep posting, I am a RegularVisitor of your website.
historical places in india

 
At April 1, 2020 at 5:13 AM , Blogger Anna R. Ibanez said...

i am student of "History of Science" this is a very helpful information. Thanks for this and continue your great work.
special purchase rate
getchaseslate.com

 
At April 1, 2020 at 5:15 AM , Blogger claire zoe said...

Good job and thanks for the history lesson on the history of information. It's fascinating to see how information started and to where it is now website
best cat litter boxes for apartments
best cat litter boxes for cats

 

Post a Comment

Subscribe to Post Comments [Atom]

<< Home


back to top