HistoryofScience.com Blog

Friday, December 17, 2010

Who Owned the Head of France's King Henry IV?

I have heard of collecting many things, from the ordinary such as swizzle sticks, to the sublime, such as Rembrandts. I even know one antiquarian bookseller who collects shrunken heads, but until recently I had never heard of owning the head of a deceased monarch.

It seems, however, that ever since the French Revolution a series of French private collectors owned the head of King Henri IV who was assassinated in 1610 at the age of 57. After his death, the king's body was embalmed and he was buried in the Basilica of Saint Denis near Paris, but during the madness of the French Revolution in 1793 royal graves were dug up, remains mutilated, and mixed together in mass graves.

During the disinterment revolutionaries chopped off Henri's IV's head, which was stolen. The embalmed head then disappeared into unknown private collections until it resurfaced in 1919 when an antiques dealer bought it at auction for three francs. It then disappeared once again into secretive private collections until 2010, the 400th anniversary of Henri IV's death. This year the embalmed head with its internal organs intact, was subjected to a great deal of scientific examination using a combination of anthropological, paleopathological, radiological, forensic, and genetic techniques. Results were published in the British Medical Journal on December 14, 2010 in a paper entitled "Multidisciplinary medical identification of a French king's head (Henri IV)." Authenticity of the head having been confirmed, it will be reinterred in the Basilica of Saint Denis next year after a national mass and funeral.

But who deserves the credit for having preserved Henri IV's head over the centuries? It seems that collectors of relics like this don't want publicity, perhaps for good reason. None of the articles published on this bizarre case that I have seen mention the names of any of the collectors who owned the head.

posted by Jeremy Norman @ 6:39 PM   40 Comments


At October 22, 2017 at 4:17 AM , Blogger ninja said...

fb liker

At October 23, 2017 at 8:57 AM , Blogger ninja said...

phones and Windows PC’s which allows the users to bypass the censorship
that their service provider has set and surfed the part of the web that is not allowed to be accessed in their part of the world.

At March 3, 2018 at 2:50 AM , Blogger mark said...

PC adaptation of Psiphon is known as Psiphon 3. You can read more about Psiphon underneath in the post. Presently let us check How to download and introduce Psiphon in our Windows 10/8.1/8/7 PC or Laptop. Psiphon makes an intermediary server condition for boundless confinement free Internet Surfing. According to the current refresh, the Psiphon programming is presently authoritatively accessible for Windows Pc and Laptop. That implies you can download and utilize Psiphon in your Windows machine, as well.
Download Psiphon 3

At April 11, 2018 at 12:50 AM , Blogger Unknown said...

Read here about terrarium tv app
Download terrarium tv
Terrarium tv app download

At April 24, 2018 at 6:51 AM , Blogger eddie007 said...

Hi, friends if you like racing games, then click on play online happy wheels you can play happy wheels games this game is a physics-based racing game. you play without downloading just

At November 4, 2018 at 11:31 PM , Blogger Người đưa tin said...

Henry enjoys a top-notch education from the well-trained curriculum ... Henry has a collection of musical instruments; the king used to master
20 inches weave hair
18 inches weave hair

At February 25, 2019 at 4:13 AM , Anonymous Anonymous said...

This is the main reason why most students search for online assignment help Australia over the internet and choose only the most proficient and trusted academic writing experts. To all those students who are in a constant farrago of queries such as "can anyone write my assignment in Australia?” etc., we can prove worthy with multiple service benefits of ours.

At March 5, 2019 at 1:40 AM , Blogger beequeenhair said...

18 inch tape in hair extensions
20 inch tape in hair extensions
22 inch tape in hair extensions
24 inch tape in hair extensions
26 inch tape in hair extensions

At March 16, 2019 at 10:14 AM , Blogger Hair Extensions said...

8 inch weave wavy hair
10 inch weave wavy hair
12 inch weave wavy hair
14 inch weave wavy hair
16 inch weave wavy hair
18 inch weave wavy hair
20 inch weave wavy hair
22 inch weave wavy hair
22 inch weave curly hair
20 inch weave curly hair
18 inch weave curly hair
12 inch weave curly hair
10 inch weave curly hair
8 inch weave curly hair

At March 28, 2019 at 8:02 PM , Blogger iphongthuy.net said...


At July 22, 2019 at 3:48 AM , Blogger amanda stephanie said...

Interesting blog. Thanks for making it available to us.
Business Law Assignment Help

At July 27, 2019 at 1:12 AM , Blogger Assignment Help said...

Thanks for sharing this information. Experience the Best Assignment Writing Services at
assignment help australia

At August 16, 2019 at 2:45 AM , Blogger meldaresearch said...

Our Custom Essay Services is the best and highly ranked by students because of our dedication to keeping the promise. Whatever you read from the website about us is true,and we are committed to delivering well prepared papers to meet your entire write my Top Essay Writing Service academic needs.

At October 22, 2019 at 10:47 PM , Blogger Ivymelda said...

When you order the Cheap Research Papers Help online. The company writers will help you improve your grades by crafting original and unique Research Writing Services completed by Cheap Term Paper Writers.

At December 24, 2019 at 4:33 AM , Blogger KeiraDoltan said...

Great Blog with useful information.
Experience the Best Assignment Writing Services at
Business Finance Assignment Help

At December 26, 2019 at 5:07 AM , Blogger alekhya sweetie said...

showbox apk
showbox download
showbox for windows
showbox for android
the article that you created is very useful, hopefully thank you also visit my blog.

At January 1, 2020 at 10:36 PM , Blogger Unknown said...

khasiat dari obat tersebut bisa memberikan manfaat pada pasutri yang ingin mendapatkan kepuasan dalam bercinta agar kedua pasangan semakin harmonis ketika bercinta klik tautan ini . bagi anda yang ingin mendapatkan viagra asli usa 100mg cod di jakarta selatan bisa anda beli diberbagai tempat asal sudah terbukti dengan keaslian produk dengan cara mengenali viagra usa asli pfizer 100 mg langsung dari berbagai situs yang sudah terpercaya atau dari refrensi teman yang sudah menggunakan viagra asli usa pfizer 100 mg silahkan anda berkunjung kesitus resmi agen yang ada diindonesia dan yang secara resmi menjadi agen distributor viagra asli usa 100 mg sejak tahun 1995 sampai sekarang. klik disini . selanjutnya ada produk dari amerika lainnya yang sangat terkenal baru-baru ini yaitu vimax asli berkhasiat untuk ereksi dan untuk memperbesar alat vital pria secara permanen berguna untuk memaksimalkan kepuasan saat diranjang.

At January 15, 2020 at 11:08 PM , Blogger Online Assignment Help said...

Law students need to take these law case study seriously as these can help them to better prepare for their future as a lawyer. Once you write a Law case study help , you understand the law in both ways, how you can use that and how it can be used against you. Thus, if you ever need to write a law case study and you struggle with it, we suggest you get our law case study help or legal case study help to be able to write a perfect law case study assignment. We have a huge team of lawyers and professional academic writers who provide the best legal case study help at most affordable prices. They are available 24X7 to help students write better papers so they can score better marks.

At February 17, 2020 at 1:38 AM , Blogger William Shell said...

Hey, Your blog is very informative. It is nice to read such high-quality content. Attractive information on your blog, thank you for taking the time and share with us. The experts of our write my essay for me cheap uk provide solution regarding paper help online within the time that you provide us. Myassignmenthelp delivers high-quality content related to proposal essay topics and research paper help.

At May 24, 2020 at 9:05 PM , Blogger Teresa Halminton said...

I really like this topic, I learned a lot of new things. Thank you so much! By the way, I want to share to you guys about - a great website about router login I've just discovered, it helps me a lot.

At May 27, 2020 at 2:50 AM , Blogger Term Paper Writing Services said...

There are many engineering assignment help writing services and Engineering Writing Services to choose from for those stuck with their engineering research paper writing services and engineering term paper writing services.

At July 13, 2020 at 3:38 AM , Blogger Unique Submission said...

When it comes to your academic dreams and grades we try to give our best by supporting you in completing your college assignments.
Our administrative experts work dedicatedly and passionately to provide top quality essay writing help to the students. Meticulous paper structures,
subject matter relevance, free from grammatical errors are main characteristics that our highly experienced and talented writers endeavor for.
Still drowning in the worry to complete your college assignments?

Assignment helpers Online

At August 12, 2020 at 9:00 AM , Blogger Libin John said...

We at Indias Fastest News We try To provide the true side of the news, facts which are happening all over the globe

IFN Website

At August 12, 2020 at 9:02 AM , Blogger Libin John said...

If you want to stay updates with the latest technology related news we write different articles which includes Full Comparison | Specifications |Reviews. Do Check The website

For All latest Technology related news

At October 28, 2020 at 2:02 AM , Blogger adriancalf123 said...

Survey Code on your receipt, you can help Moe’s Southwest Grill deliver a better eating experience on your next visit. To thank you for your feedback, you will be given a Moe’s Southwest Grill Coupon Code to redeem.Moe’s Southwest Grill Survey

At December 24, 2020 at 1:43 AM , Blogger alsha cafe said...

Hey Fellows!!! If you have visited the Bankers Box Center, then you have a moment to share your Bankers Box Location experience with Bankers Box Shop to let them know that how was your pleasure level after touring the store.

Bankers Box Shop

At May 6, 2021 at 11:49 PM , Blogger Sarah Winget said...

Guardians consistently expect the best training for their wards and subsequently the assistance guarantees that quality homework is conveyed by them. Our homework administration comprises of capable and experienced specialists who are experts of the subjects. The specialists are gifted individuals who have adequate information about the subject so they can compose the homework in a straight forward and clear language that is justifiable programming assignment help
assignment help

At June 1, 2021 at 5:18 AM , Blogger Henry Jones said...

These things are normal and people are following also with the pace that is not normal these days. With the advancement of this, one thing which I have noticed about the people is getting assignment help services along with the plagiarism checker tools that are free but people are still confusing themselves to know how to deal with the situation to get it more easily without even looking for the assignment help Canada services which is not same as the simple custom assignment help but most needed one like this information being shared in the blog.

At July 18, 2021 at 10:41 PM , Blogger Shivani thakur said...

Great Post, checkout this:- orange county tutoring

At August 11, 2021 at 2:03 AM , Blogger hektorhamelton said...

I completely resolved my question when I read this post, thanks to the author for the very detailed description. I wrote my review on the cv writers uk, you can go in and read. Thank you very much for your attention in your time.

At October 7, 2021 at 3:49 AM , Blogger Toasty Toad stool said...

During the disinterment revolutionaries chopped off Henri's IV's head, which was stolencustomer survey

At November 14, 2021 at 9:53 PM , Blogger Heath Trivett said...

slick and elegant Custom Entertainment Centers Anaheim California

At June 2, 2022 at 3:15 AM , Blogger Anupanand said...

This comment has been removed by the author.

At June 20, 2022 at 6:08 AM , Blogger motorcyclesspecs said...

Here in this article, I am going to share with you the 2022 Honda GROM ABS Motorcycle

At August 2, 2022 at 5:28 AM , Blogger Assignment Help said...

Nice post!! Students can score high marks In Their College and university assignments by hiring the best assignment help with writing homework from the experts.
assignment help Melbourne

At September 6, 2022 at 7:05 AM , Blogger Essien said...

Way cool! Some very valid points! I appreciate you writing this article and the rest of the website is also very good. I enjoy reading through your article. - police cbt past questions and answers

At September 7, 2022 at 4:10 AM , Blogger Cristina Parker said...

The team at Acadecraft offers plenty of curriculum development services and the required consultation for the same. We cater to all subjects taught at schools, colleges, or even universities. It may be related to marketing, arts stream, engineering, mathematics, business, medicines, language, computer science, networking, or literature.
content development services online

At September 12, 2022 at 3:16 AM , Blogger fahsai168 said...

ถ้าไม่ดีคงไม่มีใครอยากเล่นสนใจเล่นสลอดออนไลน์คิดเลยเริ่มต้นเล่นวันนี้สมัครฟรีรับยุทธและเครดิตฟรีมากมายไม่ว่าจะเป็นฟรีสปินหรือแม้กระทั่งโบนัสช่วงเวลาโบนัส หวยออนไลน์

At September 13, 2022 at 5:55 AM , Blogger Cristina Parker said...

Documents are very crucial for any legal or educational procedure. Proper documentation is the first step in starting any institutional procedure. Since the world today is fast moving towards digitization of all aspects, documents are also no exception. Documents are required to be handy with you in a digital form. While there are many document digitization services, Acadecraft guarantees safe and reliable document digitization.
typesetting and formatting services

At September 17, 2022 at 4:45 AM , Blogger Essien said...

This blog article is fantastic; this blog consists of remarkable and genuinely excellent stuff for readers. Thank you for sharing.- mcat past question pdf


Post a Comment

Subscribe to Post Comments [Atom]

<< Home

back to top